Seven autistic children diagnosed with autism spectrum disorders (ASD) received a neurofeedback treatment that aimed to improve their level of executive control. Neurofeedback successfully reduced children’s heightened theta/beta ration by inhibiting theta activation and enhancing beta activation over sessions. Following treatment children’s executive capacities were found to have improved greatly relative to pre-
In conclusion, application of a typical ADHD neurofeedback protocol to a group of ASD children diagnosed with ASD was found to be highly affective. Neurofeedback treatment resulted in clear improvements in children’s executive functioning as reflected in a wide range of executive function tasks. These findings provide further evidence for a basic executive function impairment in ASD and suggest a relationship between enhanced theta / beta ratio’s in these children and hypoactivation of the ACC as a possible neural origin of this impairment.